Introduction of MySql
MySQL is one of the most popular database management systems used in today’s web scenario. Mysql is used for data-driven websites and also for the websites where data is generated according to the user need.
This article will help you to learn how to install MySql 5.5. You just have to follow very simple steps, with the YUM manager. YUM makes it really easy by avoiding the compilation process and install them easily with installing all other dependencies and also you are notified of updates.
Scenario: My Server IP is 192.168.1.188
Note: If you are a SUDO user then prefix every command with sudo, like #sudo ifconfig
Step 1: Get The Remi Repository
Most of the updated package is available under the Remi repository. Install it in your system using the following commands.
CentOS/RHEL 7: # rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm CentOS/RHEL 6: # rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-6.rpm CentOS/RHEL 5: # rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-5.rpm Fedora 20:
# rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/remi-release-20.rpm
Step 2: System Update
To ensure that every package on the server is updated. Run the following command to update the package on your server
Step 3: Install MySql
Now type in the following command to install the MySql server
#yum –enablerepo=remi install MySQL MySQL-server
Step 4: Start MySql
Now we have installed our MySql server and we need to start the service. the following command will start the MySql server.
#service mysqld start
After hitting the above command you will see the following lines
To start mysqld at boot time you have to copy support-files/mysql.server to the right place for your system PLEASE REMEMBER TO SET A PASSWORD FOR THE MySQL root USER ! To do so, start the server, then issue the following commands: /usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password' /usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root -h yourdomain.com password 'new-password' Alternatively you can run: /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation which will also give you the option of removing the test databases and anonymous user created by default. This is strongly recommended for production servers. See the manual for more instructions. You can start the MySQL daemon with: cd /usr ; /usr/bin/mysqld_safe & You can test the MySQL daemon with mysql-test-run.pl cd /usr/mysql-test ; perl mysql-test-run.pl Please report any problems with the /usr/bin/mysqlbug script!
Step 5: Securing With Password
When the MySql server is started then you need to secure with a password and you can do it by typing the command generated above (I have Highlighted)
#/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'Put Your Password Here'
Soon after starting the MySql, it will bind itself with localhost(127.0.0.1) on port 3306. You may see its configuration file at
/etc/my.cnf. If you want to bind your public IP with MySql then you make changes in the same file. But for security, you need to add some rules in the firewall for specific IP addresses to get connected
Step 6: MySql Server Hardening
When MySql is installed, there is some default configuration which may be the security threats. Mysql provides a script to remove few security threats known as “mysql_secure_installatio”.
Now give you input to text-based MySql hardening script
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MySQL, and you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank, so you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): <Enter Your Paaaword> OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL root user without the proper authorisation. You already have a root password set, so you can safely answer 'n'. Change the root password? [Y/n] y <Press Y if you want to change password> New password: Re-enter new password: Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y <Press Y> ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y <Press Y>
... Success! By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y ... Success! All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MySQL! Cleaning up...
Step 7: Test Your Installation
When the database server is started then we can access the MySql database by using the MySql client through the terminal with the following command
- Via Root Login
#mysql -u root -p Enter password:
After hitting Enter button you will be asked to put in your password. Enter and password then you will get the login and you will see the MySql shell display:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 4484482 Server version: 5.5.56 MySQL Community Server (GPL) by Remi Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. mysql>
Few Management Command For MySql
To stop your MySql:
#service mysqld stop
To start MySql, type:
#service mysqld start
To restart the service again, type:
# service mysqld restart
To Restart automatically when the server is rebooted:
# /sbin/chkconfig --levels 235 mysqld on
To generate a list of commands for the MySQL prompt, enter \h. You’ll then see:
Thanks for reading, I hope this information was good enough